Glossary of Italicized Terms
14. GLOSSARY OF ITALICIZED TERMS
Automatic Safety Controls Devices designed and installed to protect systems and components from unsafe conditions.
Component A part of a system.
Decorative Ornamental; not required for the proper operation of the essential system and components of a home.
Describe To identify (in writing) a system and component by its type or other distinguishing characteristics.
Dismantle To take apart or remove components, devices, or pieces of equipment that would not be taken apart or removed by a homeowner in the course of routine maintenance.
Engineering The application of scientific knowledge for the design, control, or use of building structures, equipment, or apparatus.
Further Evaluation Examination and analysis by a qualified professional, tradesman, or service technician beyond that provided by a home inspection.
Home Inspection The process by which an inspector visually examines the readily accessible system and components of a home and describes those systems and elements using this Standard.
Inspect The process of examining readily accessible systems and components by (1) applying this Standard, and (2) operating normal operating controls, and (3) opening readily openable access panels.
Inspector A person hired to examine systems and components of a building using this Standard.
Installed Attached such that removal requires tools.
Normal Operating Controls Devices such as thermostats, switches, and valves intended to be operated by the homeowner.
Readily Accessible Available for visual inspection without requiring moving of personal property, dismantling, destructive measures, or actions that will likely involve risk to persons or property.
Readily Openable Access Panel A panel provided for homeowner inspection and maintenance that is readily accessible, within normal reach, can be opened by one person, and is not sealed in place.
Recreational Facilities Spas, saunas, steam baths, swimming pools, exercise, entertainment, athletic, playground, and other similar equipment, and associated accessories.
Representative Number One component per room for multiple similar interior components such as windows and electric receptacles; one component on each side of the building for multiple similar exterior components.
Roof Drainage Systems Components used to carry water off a roof and away from a building.
Shut Down A state in which normal operating controls cannot operate a system or component.
Structural Component A component that supports non-variable forces or weights (dead loads) and variable forces or weights (live loads).
Systems A combination of interacting or interdependent components assembled to carry out one or more functions.
Technically Exhaustive An investigation that involves dismantling, the extensive use of advanced techniques, measurements, instruments, testing, calculations, or other means.
Under-floor Crawlspace The area within the foundation and between the ground and the underside of the floor.
Unsafe A condition in a readily accessible, installed system or component that the inspector judges to be significant risk or serious bodily injury the inspector to be a significant during normal, day-to-day use; the risk may be due to damage, deterioration, improper installation, or a change in accepted residential construction practices.
Wall Covering A protective or insulating layer fixed to the outside of a building such as aluminum, brick, EIFS, stone, stucco, vinyl, and wood.
Wiring Method Identification of electrical conductors or wires by their general type, such as non-metallic sheathed cable, armored cable, knob and tube, etc.